1 In the year 1916:
v: who experienced what would later be listed as his funniest moment?
i: is US PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON, who defeated the Republican Evans Hughes (combination carsmilesteve and dubdobdee)
ii: is KARL von STÜRGHK, Prime Minister of Austria at the time of his assassination by Friedrich Adler on 21 October 1916 ("Adler" = German for eagle). Googled by jeff_worrell
iii: is from JOHN BUCHAN'S GREENMANTLE (via jeff_worrell's google: the only clue is a piece of paper with three words written on it, Kasredin, cancer, v. I.; for fuller quote see comments)
v: jauntyalan) wonders if this is CHAPLIN (not yet confirmed)
vi: was "There seems to be something wrong with our bloody ships today", said by Admiral of the (British) Fleet DAVID BEATTY (googled jauntyalan)
vii: is ROGER CASEMENT cf comma chameleon (guessed dubdobdee, google-confirmed jauntyalan)
viii: MARY THE ELEPHANT was hanged (more accurately lynched) in Erwin, Tennessee (googled jauntyalan)
ix: VERMOUTH won the Grand National that year (googled jauntyalan)
x: Ali Baba resurfaced in the musical CHU CHIN CHOW (googled jauntyalan and katstevens)
*= latin for: "real actual knowledge is knowin how to google**** stuff"
**as published every year in the guardian just before xmas (answers some time in the new year)
***all the boys of king williams school on the isle of man sit it sight unseen then take the paper home during holidays and look stuff up to increase their score and retake it
****the setters used to claim they've checked nothing is INSTANTLY googleable, tho this claim seems quite porous...